Skip to content

Palmintelli Archaeological Park

The Palmintelli Archaeological Park is located in a very central area of ​​the capital, a few meters from Viale della Regione. The site came to light following excavations conducted in 1988.

Originally, the area on which the park now stands housed a funerary complex of cave tombs dating back to the Bronze Age, of which only one has remained intact. The rectangular entrance to the tomb is still clearly visible, with a regular plan and flat ceiling, in which various archaeological finds have been found, some of which are kept in the Archaeological Museum of Caltanissetta.

Archaeological site of Sabucina

The archaeological park of Sabucina, located on the homonymous mountain, is among the most important in Sicily. The original village certainly has pre-Greek origins: it was, in fact, built by the Sicani, who exploited the easy position of the mountain which dominates the entire Salso valley.

The village subsequently underwent some reconstructions in the eighth and fifth centuries BC, only to be abandoned at the end of the fifth century BC
In the area at the foot of the mountain, some cave tombs dating back to the Bronze Age have been found; other important finds were those of a hut used as a sanctuary and that of the famous sacellum of Sabucina. This is a terracotta model dating back to the 6th century BC, found near the necropolis, which represents a small temple with a pronaos in antis, a sloping roof surmounted by two figures of horsemen and with the low tympanum decorated with two Gorgonian-type masks .

The discovery of this archaeological site is relatively recent, in fact it was only in the sixties that the first excavation campaign was undertaken, led by Piero Orlandini, which led to the discovery of the Late Bronze Age hut village, dating back to the XIII-X century BC; this discovery was of extraordinary importance, as it was the first village of this type identified in Sicily.

Gibil-Gabib Archaeological Site

The archaeological park of Gibil-Gabib is located about five kilometers from the capital of Caltanissetta, on a hill overlooking the south-eastern slope of the Salso valley. The site, made up of three platforms sloping towards the south-east, was the site of indigenous prehistoric settlements and of the Greek age.

Excavations in this area began in the mid-nineteenth century and were resumed with greater vigor in the fifties of the last century, with research conducted by Dinu Adameşteanu. Finally, the last one dates back to 1984. Just around the middle of the twentieth century some rooms dating back to the sixth century BC, parts of the walls and some ceramic objects referable to the Late Bronze Age facies of Castelluccio were brought to light, while in the eighties a real defense tower of the mid-sixth century BC This discovery proved to be of considerable importance, as it made it possible to clarify the destination of the walls found almost thirty years earlier.

From the excavations in the rooms, vases, everyday objects, plates and oil lamps have been found. A statue of a female clay deity and a clay head of an offerer were also found, testifying to the existence of various spaces dedicated to worship and veneration in the town. At the foot of the hill there were two necropolises from which the kits with Siceliot red-figure pottery come.

Archaeological Museum

Since 2006, it has replaced the Civic Museum, which was located near the central station. It is now located next to the abbey of Santo Spirito, in the district of the same name, housed in a modern building. The museum contains a large number of archaeological finds relating to the first settlements in the Valle del Salso area and the surrounding area. The sites from which the majority of the evidence comes are the necropolis of Mazzarino and the indigenous sites of Gibil Gabib and Sabucina, located a few kilometers from the town of Caltanissetta. They were placed on high ground in control of the Salso River, one of the main commercial and military penetration routes of antiquity. The collections, among the most important in Sicily, include kits, Attic vases decorated with red figures, tools and bronze and ceramic artefacts. Inside is the famous Sacellum of Sabucina.

Mineralogical Museum

Housed inside the IISS “S. Mottura”, the museum, through the exhibition of minerals (in particular samples of sulfur, rocks, fossils and specific equipment) bears witness to the activity carried out in the past of exploitation of the various mines for the extraction of the sulfur present in the territory of Caltanissetta. Furthermore, geological maps and topographic plans of the sulfur mines are also on display. There is also a collection of macrofossils, cataloged in stratigraphic order, from the Silurian period to the Quaternary.

Diocesan Museum

Located in Viale Regina Margherita, near the Bishopric, it houses various collections from many churches in the area which offer an excellent testimony to the cultural ferment of local artists between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Inside there are numerous paintings, silver vases, sacred vestments, furnishings and precious illuminated manuscripts.

Moncada Gallery

The gallery is housed in a vast wing of Palazzo Moncada. The museum inside preserves various works by the sculptor from Caltanissetta Michele Tripisciano (almost all made of marble) which were donated by the author to the Municipality at the time of his death. The structure also houses a room entirely dedicated to the Moncadas, former owners of the noble palace. In the Gallery impromptu cultural exhibitions are frequently set up. The museum was opened in 2010.